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Territorial analysis of production in the settlements

(2005) In partnership with the Center for Agrarian Studies and Rural Development (NEAD) of the Ministry of Agrarian Development (MDA), the GPP carried out a territorial analysis of productive activities in agrarian reform settlements. The study included the systematization, treatment and integrated analysis of decisive information for managers of policies and programs to strengthen family agriculture and agrarian reform. 


Based on the value of family and non-family agricultural production, extracted from the Agricultural Census, the predominant production systems throughout the country were defined. The economic aspect was measured based on the HDI values, considering its income component. Their results were grouped into three classes, indicating different levels of development referenced in the HDI-income values: high, medium and low, constituting indicators of development classes. 


The fitness of the physical environment also led to the construction of indicators, which took into account two variables linked to the soil (fertility and the potential for mechanization) and a variable linked to the climate (water restriction). The final index was classified into three suitability situations: high (little or no restrictions linked to soil or climate); medium (moderate soil and/or climate constraints); and low (greater restrictions linked to soil and climate). From the combination of these three elements, classes of territory were constructed, representing the regional dynamics. This arrangement of information and indicators made it possible to deepen the understanding of the dynamics of production of the settlements and their central elements, resulting in a deepening of the knowledge of the territories and their defining elements.

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